Written Component 3

Create a piece of writing that uses specific writing structures, tones, or organizational methods to enact or embody your position

Exercise in style” Raymond Queneau
Complied writings of the same story reinterpreted by individuals
“Species of Spaces”George Perec
Descriptive documentation of observation of every detail

These are descriptions and notes of my iterations, roughly grouped by themes. This is intended to clarify what’s been presented.

Imagine how boring it might have been – to repeat 40 times the same message, and the message is made of one word. Generally, there is a word/message when I start drafting the work. But the message is pointless, it is blank, it is just one word. The variations are expanded from personal knowledge and comment on life.

Is it an experiment in expending visual language? narratives? interplay between text and image?

12 iterations. These iterative exercises are performed once in Week 1.

  • Started with “Isolated”
  • Multiplied number “Isolated human”
  • Categorised a group of “isolated human” as a community, the text “community” acts as metaphor for human society
  • Performed a scene of “isolated human”’s human contact, classified this interaction as an interaction that does not exist.
  • Performed a dialogue between two “isolated human” with a sentence that is often used in the news during pandemic.
  • A sequel of the dialogue above with a positive response.
  • Presented the relationship between a brick wall with the word “Together”. Brick wall acts as a metaphor of togetherness.
  • Presented at the relationship between loose bricks with the sentence “We are not together”. Bricks act as a metaphor of looseness.
  • Presented a general fear of the public on showing symptoms of illness during pandemic.
  • Performed scenes of lockdown with the use of dialogue, showing the change of mood.

33 iterations. These iterative exercises are performed twice in week 1 and week 3.

  • Started with “A date”
  • Performed a date scenes in the modern times, in which one can leave quickly. No commitment required.
  • Followed by a change of focus. “Love” is presented with two closely attached protagonists.
  • Presented a different variation of relationships – Love between three.
  • Presented tinder as a variation of relationships, in which one can meet many others, overlapping with others’ dates
  • Replaced “tinder” with “Glee” showing the complex “you love him, he loves her, she loves you.” relationship in the TV show Glee.
  • Used loose bricks as metaphors of love(s), visualised how “love spread” is spread literally + how “lost love” equals to disappearance of bricks
  • Used brick walls as metaphors of lovers/ human, visualised how “blind love” is being unseen literally + how “first love” equals to queueing up to the first in line.
  • Defined “love” and replaced “love” with synonyms.
  • Straightforward presentation of the word “love” and use of colour red.
  • Presented the chained nature of love relationships
  • Presented intensity of love in relations to the distance in letters.
  • Used a protagonists – brick walls as characters again
  • Performed scenes in a love relationship aka. “cheating”
  • Metaphorically used brick walls as human/lovers, and presented a queue of humans as an alternative option (plan B) to one.
  • Expanded brick wall to the edges, brick wall acts as isolating device between two humans/lovers.
  • Selected circles from the previous iteration and metaphorically used them as carriers of love. Love is at two opposing destinations.
  • Switched focus from “destinations/journey of love” to “weight of love” , in which love is split into layers and compiled to become one “love”.

45 iterations. These iterative exercises are performed three times in week 1, week 3 and week 5.

  • Started with the word “Excuse Me”
  • Performed a dialogue of “excuse me” and “sorry” – request and apology. With the hand illustration, hinting a sense of rejection.
  • The sense of rejection is further intensified and transformed into being unheard from the use of crowds, dark colours and hole.
  • Added a more literal illustrated scene and dialogue to present rejection and loneliness.
  • Placed a familiar format taken from graphic novels panels to intensify the weight of dialogue. The dialogue is to present rejection and loneliness. The black text at the bottom of the page in contrast to the dialogue panels is to present the internal voice from the speaker – differentiating the split between thoughts and spoken dialogue.
  • Metaphorically used brick walls as protagonists of isolated humans. The word “us” is in contrast with the isolated nature/individualism of a brick wall – hinting “us” does not mean “togetherness” and “closeness”. It is a reinterpretation/re-definition of the word.
  • Directly presented “loneliness” with a dialogue of a lonely human. The human (brick wall) stands among all the other human (other brick walls in this case) – hinting that even the lonely human lives with other humans, he is lonely.
  • Presented a passive attitude and the powerlessness with the dialogue of one lonely human (brick wall)
  • Defined “lonely” with dictionary definitions
  • Replaced the word “lone” with images of brick wall.
  • Presented dialogue and use of hands to hint a sense of rejection.
  • Presented a comical scene with the use of frames, dialogue and sequential images of pushing a fish bowl to the floor and ultimately the fish is dead. The death of the fish can be understood as the consequences of “rejection” or two lonely human.
  • Removed images from the illustration and used “lonely” the text as a illustrative device.
  • Abstracted circle (image) are used as metaphors of “lonely people” (text). The fact that the circles are closely overlapped hinted that they are a group of “lonely people”(text).
  • Removed images from the illustration. The text “Lonely” is used as an illustrative device.
  • Switched focus from “lonely people” to “proportions of loneliness”
    The text “lonely” is used as an image. It is humanised to serve as a hint – its trials to break free.
  • Used a photograph to present a city/community of lonely people
  • Presented “mode of loneliness” in the images of switches
  • Removed images and presented “Alone” in literal flatness
  • Presented “Alone” in relations to the distance of the letters
  • Used grids as an image + metaphor of a cage. “Loneliness” is hinted with a “loner” behind the cage.
  • Presented “Lonely” in its sound in writing
  • Switched focus to “lone wolf” with the sound of howl
  • Presented a scene of a wolf howling with the verbal sound of howling and a dot as the image of a moon

13 iterations. These iterative exercises are performed once in week 3. (tbc)

Human interactions
26 iterations. These iterative exercises are performed once in week 1. (tbc)

27 iterations. These iterative exercises are performed once in week 5

Started with an illustration. The original attempt is to show how prepared I am to carry a handkerchief in summer heat. I started by writing a short description of what is on the page. It ended up with a complex message, with several keywords. I created the next few work by slowly exfoliating some keywords from the message, and presented work that carries a simpler message. It was still too much to work on. I wanted to keep the work consistent in the central message. It was difficult to reiterate the same message while considering the simplest use of text and image. I further exfoliated the message into one word – “summer”.


Raymond Queneau ([1947] 1998) excerpts from Exercises in Style. London: John Calder, pp.17–26.

Georges Perec ([1974] 1999) excerpts from ‘Species of Spaces’ in Species of Spaces and Other Pieces. London: Penguin, pp.50–55.

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